A report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said that as of January this year, China, Pakistan and India have 350, 165 and 156 nuclear warheads respectively and the three countries are expanding their nuclear arsenals. It also said that according to its estimates, Russia and the US have more than 90 percent of the estimated 13,080 global nuclear weapons.
A SIPRI study said on Monday that as of January last year, China, Pakistan and India had 320, 160 and 150 nuclear warheads respectively. There are nine countries in the world that have nuclear weapons – America, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea.
“China is in the midst of a significant modernization and expansion of its nuclear weapons list, and India and Pakistan are also expanding their nuclear arsenals,” the study said.
It has been more than a year since the military standoff between the armies of India and China in eastern Ladakh on May 5, 2020, during which the two sides also clashed violently for the first time in 45 years.
India and China have slightly progressed the process of disengagement in the Pangong Lake area, while there is a deadlock over talks at many other points.
The SIPRI study also talks about the storage of raw materials that countries have to make their nuclear weapons.
“The raw material used for nuclear weapons is easily degradable. It is either highly enriched uranium (HEU) or plutonium,” it said.
The study found that China, France, Russia, the UK and the US produced both HEU and plutonium for use in their nuclear weapons.
“The governments of India and Pakistan make statements about some of their missile tests, but do not provide any information about the status or size of their (nuclear) arsenals,” it said.
The SIPRI Yearbook 2021 study states that out of the world’s total of 13,080 global nuclear warheads, about 2,000 are placed “in a state of high operational alert.”
It also said that Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia and China were the five largest importers of major arms in the world between 2016 and 2020. During this period, Saudi Arabia accounted for 11 percent of global imports of major weapons and India’s 9.5 percent.
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