ISIS, whose mind starts ruthlessly killing and killing people on hearing its name. ISIS-K, an ally of this terrorist organization, is in discussions today and the reason is the suicide attacks in Afghanistan on Thursday. Within a few years, the organization has taken over Afghanistan’s instability and has become one of the most dangerous terrorist groups in the region. ISIS-K claimed responsibility for the deadly suicide attacks outside Kabul airport on Thursday. 13 American soldiers and more than 90 Afghan civilians lost their lives in these blasts.
This incident is being described as the biggest attack by ISIS-K so far and US President Joe Biden has also spoken of taking its revenge. But this group, known as ISIS-Khorasan, has been responsible for thousands of deaths since its formation in 2015.
Its members work in Central Asia. In 2018, it was ranked the world’s fourth deadliest terror group, according to the Institute for Economics and Peace, which killed more than 1,000 people, mostly from Afghanistan.
Since then the group’s growth has been limited and its militants have fought the Taliban, but they have taken advantage of the instability created in Afghanistan in recent months to launch deadly attacks and fears with the withdrawal of foreign troops. The organization will now gain strength.
How was ISIS-K formed?
This organization is a brand of ISIS itself. ISIS is a terrorist group that first emerged in Syria and Iraq, and then after reaching its peak, it captured a large part of the area from western Syria to the outskirts of the Iraqi capital Baghdad.
US intelligence officials told CNN that ISIS-K includes “a small number of experienced jihadists from Syria and other foreign terrorist fighters.” He also told that the US had also identified 10 to 15 of their top fighters in Afghanistan.
According to the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), its initial members included Pakistani terrorists who emerged in Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province nearly a decade ago, many of whom had fled Pakistan and split from other terror groups. Were.
Counter-terrorism experts estimate that its strength is now around 1,500-2,000, but this number may increase soon. Some captured ISIS-K fighters were held in prisons near Kabul. The Taliban had also raided these prisons during their recent attacks.
For which attacks is ISIS-K responsible?
According to UN data, ISIS-K carried out 77 attacks in the first four months of this year. The group has carried out some of the deadliest attacks on civilians in Afghanistan, detonating several massive suicide bombings in the capital, Kabul. ISIS-K was at its peak around 2018.
In July of the same year, an ISIS-K suicide bomber killed 128 people at an election rally in Mastung, Pakistan, one of the bloodiest attacks anywhere in the world in 2018.
According to a US State Department report, ISIS-K relied heavily on suicide bombings. It used the same strategy in the blasts at Kabul airport on Thursday.
The report found that in 2018 it carried out 15 attacks in public places and killed 393 people. They included the bombing of a large public rally in Nangarhar, Afghanistan, on the anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks, in which 68 people were killed.
The US then began targeting its fighters across the region and the group’s strength declined, but in 2019, US Central Command commander General Joseph Votel described ISIS-K as a major threat.
Economics and Peace warned that despite the decline of ISIS-K, it was believed that it still had sleeper cells in cities such as Kabul and Jalalabad and that its militants remained a threat to the Taliban.
The group has made its presence known in recent years in eastern Afghanistan, particularly in Nangar and Kunar provinces. Last August, ISIS-K attacked the main prison in Nangarhar’s capital, Jalalabad, in an attempt to free dozens of its supporters, who were captured by the Afghan army and police.
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