Amid the health crisis of the deadly coronavirus in India, western UP is now battling with dengue cases, which have claimed many lives. Officials have now said that it is the D2 Dengue strain of dengue, which is one of the four related strains of the virus and is also one of the reasons behind these deaths. Dengue is a mosquito-transmitted fever, which is common throughout India.
D2 What is Dengue?
Guidelines for Disease Control and Prevention by the National Center for Disease Control (NCDC) and WHO describe it as “the most important mosquito-borne viral disease and a serious health concern worldwide”. This disease is found mostly in tropical and sub-tropical climates and spreads mainly in urban and semi-urban areas.
It is the dengue virus, named DENV, that causes the disease. Actually it has four forms – DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, DENV-4, which means that dengue can potentially attack a person four times. That is to say, if you have been caught by one strain of dengue and have been cured, then the other three strains can also attack you in future.
“While many DENV viruses cause only mild illness, DENV can cause an acute flu-like illness. Sometimes it takes a more severe form, called severe dengue,” the WHO said.
Talking about the outbreak in western Uttar Pradesh, ICMR’s DG, Balram Bhargava said that the DENV-2 or D2 variant of dengue “increased fever cases and deaths in western UP districts- Firozabad, Agra, Mathura and Aligarh”. was behind.” He further said that as deadly as this strain is, it is equally deadly.
What are the symptoms of D2 Dengue?
The WHO says dengue produces flu-like symptoms and lasts for 2-7 days, while the incubation period for the disease is usually 4-10 days after the bite of an infected mosquito. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that the symptoms of this “classic dengue fever” are high fever with at least two complaints such as headache, pain behind the eyes, nausea, vomiting, swollen glandular joints, Bone or muscle pain, rash.
The thing to note in this is that when this virus takes the form of severe dengue, then the period is very tricky. Meaning that once you will feel that now you are recovering, but in reality it is taking serious form. So never be careless in such a situation.
What is its treatment?
There is no vaccine or specific treatment for dengue and patients have to depend on the symptoms. The WHO advises, “Patients should seek medical advice, rest and drink plenty of fluids. Paracetamol may be taken to reduce fever and reduce joint pain. However, aspirin or ibuprofen should not be taken.” Because they can increase the risk of bleeding.
It also states that early detection and good medical care can reduce the case-mortality rate to less than 1 percent. But keep in mind that during this time the situation becomes very serious, so do not panic and get the right treatment without any delay.
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