In the time of Mirza Ghalib, there is a lion that gives the address of the trend of education and education, but should someone write it to us – it happened in the morning and a pen came out of the house and kept it on the ear. Our time has come a century and a half away from the time of Mirza Saheb and if a lot has changed, not much has changed. The discomfort of writing letters has not changed in this long time. The writers seem restless to write the letter from morning till night. Say that in Mirza Saheb’s time there used to be days to wake up and nights to sleep, then in the format of 24 Into 7, there is no morning of any night and no evening of any morning, now it is awake twenty-four hours.
Yes, one thing has changed decisively. Now people do not have to wait for a pen-rich like Ghalib to write a letter. All are written. People have now started writing and sending letters written in the name of their wishes. Like the era of Ghalib, people no longer have to wait for any order to deliver the letters to their address, people have started sending letters by themselves. The accounts are called post in our times, social media users have taken up the task of writing the letter to the social media users and the workers!
And, this has happened in India with the help of smartphones.
Social Media: Difficult country and government bigger than the country
The number of smartphones is growing rapidly. A year ago, market research firm TechARC was quoted as saying that about 500 million people in India are using smartphones. It was also written that in the virtual world of the Internet, 77 percent of the people who are javan and dizzy or web traffic are only through smartphones. The growing popularity of smartphones and the growing explosion of people in the web traffic corridor is directly related to social media greats Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, YouTube etc.
According to an estimate, there are 53 crore consumers of WhatsApp in today’s India, 44.8 crore of YouTube. Facebook is at number three with 41 million subscribers, while Instagram is at number four with 21 million subscribers. And, behind all this, Twitter’s bird is tweeting in the virtual courtyard of 1.75 crore consumers. Presenting a sample of foot mathematics, if you combine this userbase of the social media platform together, then the total number will go beyond 160 crores. Meaning, Hindustan is bigger than the population of India, now populated on social media platform.
How to handle this country bigger than the country? In the format of 24Intu Seven of the time, who should find out what such a large population is singing, listening and showing and writing and studying? How to find out in such a way that the right to freedom of expression and privacy of the people would not be interfered with? And, if it is not detected, then the efforts of the virtual world of the Internet to disrupt the unity, integrity, communal harmony around the world, and the actions of defaming someone anonymously. How did you feel? Crusades are curbed but not the freedom to express ideas and when there is a restraint, there should be no breach in the privacy of the people – these two things are considered to be democratic democracies to the extent governments do in a democracy. is. Apparently, the new rules of Information Technology (Intermediate Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 of the Ministry of Information Technology have also come to be seen from this perspective.
What the new IT rules say
The first thing in this regard is that the Ministry has brought rules, not laws. The law is two decades old (IT Act 2000), new rules have been made considering that law as the basis. After the announcement in the Gazette, these rules have to come into effect. Suppose you assume that most of the rules will come into effect within three months.
The new rules are regarding social media platforms, OTT i.e. over-the-top platforms (eg Amazon Video, Netflix) and digital media. There is legislation about social media platforms that they have to tell about the first originator (originator) of a message or tweet. The government’s intention behind this is that if consumers have any complaint about social media companies, then they should redress this complaint.
Its mechanism is that social media companies will have to have a Chief Compliance Officer (Compliance Officer). It will have the responsibility of complying with the new rules. A nodal officer will have to be in touch with the agency involved in the implementation of the law. And companies will also have to deploy a Resident Graduate Officer who will take the necessary action by following the prescribed procedures for grievance redressal.
All these three officers should be residents of India. If there comes a complaint that the consumer of social media is losing dignity, for example, any act which hurts a woman’s identity rises on the social media and increases, then these officials will decide that such message for 24 hours Be removed inside. Social media companies will also have to submit a compliance (compliance) report every month in this regard.
A part related to this is that the first originator (first originator) of the message about which the complaint is concerned will have to be communicated to the social media companies not at all times but on special orders. Rule No. 5 (3) of the Guidelines Rules (2021) clearly states that messaging platforms whose subscribers are more than the number fixed by the center are sent to the competent tribunal (Competent Jurisdiction) on the order under section 69 of the Information Technology Act. The first originator has to be informed with the help of his computer resource. If the first originator of the message is outside India, then the first originator will be considered as the one who gave the message in India for the first time in his post or tweet etc. or became its first broadcaster.
In the new rules, OTT content platform digital news media like OTT Amazon Video has also been asked to prepare a mechanism for grievance redressal, which will be the basis of self-regulation. As the censor board has been doing in the case of movies, the OTT platform will have to categorize its movie or similar things being broadcast on the basis of the age of the consumer. This classification will be in many age groups like 13 years and above, 16 years and above and 18 years and above. Also, a parental lock will have to be arranged, that is, the guardians (wards) who will consider the content appropriate will be able to see and hear the same. As far as the digital news media platform is concerned, the new rules state that they have to adhere to the Press Council of India’s journalistic values under the Cable Television Network Regulation Act.
How far will the new rules work
When the media platforms are cross-national and the nation is made up of resident Indians as much as non-resident Indians, then through these rules, to regulate social media platforms, digital news media and over the top platforms is as much as a canoe crossing the Mahasamudra You are doing The first crisis is that if there is any complaint on the social media and the message is spread, then how fast it is diagnosed. A place has been said in the new rule that action will be taken within fifteen days of the complaint and the message will have to be removed within twenty-four hours. Where time is being measured in seconds and not in nanoseconds, and at the speed of this nanosunk, tweets and posts reach their target and do the work of someone’s dignity, there is a duration of 24 hours and 15 days, what hurts a person with the message You can guess yourself that you will get relief.
The second hardly relates to the discovery and identification of the first originator of the message. Thus, the government has clarified that taking information about the first originator of the message does not mean that there is a peep into its messages. The intention is just to know who started the ‘bullying’? It is also said that the intention behind knowing the first originator is that the culprit should be identified, his case is investigated, the case should be tried and punished and the court or any competent authority will ask for the information of the first originator only when he feels that the message will bring the country Unity of integrity, relationship with other countries and security system of the country is threatened.
But, despite this cleanliness of the government, the questions will remain. Because, on social media, there are not only individuals but also celebrities, not only politicians, but also supporters of politicians, voluntary organizations and people who carry their agenda on their shoulders, so are those whom the Prime Minister called agitators and also those who The movement and agitators described the threat to the country’s defense or peace.
Bringing the voice of conflicting interests together on one platform, we are living in a time where there is a trend to call disagreements with their views as traitors and to incite the crowd behind them to shoot ‘slogans’. In this time, the people involved in the riot with the help of social media posts and videos, by mobilizing people in the ranks of the traitors and the loyalists of the country, demolish the old sense of loyalty and betrayal. Identifying and using the video hanged on social media, the court is acquitting such accused. This happened in the case of the Delhi riots and also in the case of Disha Ravi, a young woman sharing a toolkit in the context of the peasant movement. In such a case, if the legislation to tell the first originator of the message can be called necessary regulation from one side, then the new way of suppressing disagreement from the other side.
As far as the content of OTT platform content classification according to the age of consumers and the digital news media following journalistic values is concerned, we should not expect much. In the Sushant Singh Rajput-Riya Chakraborty episode, the country saw that the courts were telling journalists, newspapers, anchors and news channels in a taunting manner to spread sensations, tell the news, hear the verdict, but the court said that the channels were bent on doing their own, Could not stop speaking to newspapers and journalists. And, we also know that in the matter of running smartphones, children are becoming more grown-up than their parents.
The bottom line of this long article is that at a time when a post-truth world is being created by running fake news factories on social media and digital news platforms, the new rules of the Ministry of Information Technology raise hopes and fears more.