The risk of infectious diseases such as malaria and dengue usually increases during the monsoon, and these concerns increase even more amid the COVID-19 pandemic, as these diseases share some similar symptoms. Malaria and Dengue, both vector-borne diseases, are transmitted by mosquito bites and cases increase during the monsoon season. The spread of these diseases due to similar symptoms has increased the concern among doctors. Here’s how you can differentiate between these three diseases.
Causes of COVID-19, Dengue and Malaria:
COVID-19 is a respiratory disease that is spread by infected droplets carrying the SARS-COV-2 virus. It can be spread in the air or through direct droplet-transmission. Dengue and malaria are diseases that mostly occur during the changing seasons. The virus responsible for the disease is called dengue virus (DENV) and is transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquito, while malaria is transmitted through a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted through the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito.
Similar symptoms of COVID-19, Dengue and Malaria:
All three diseases are caused by viruses and cause similar symptoms, which are respiratory in nature and cause inflammation. COVID-19 can present with many symptoms including increasing fever, chills, cough, cold, sore throat, difficulty in breathing, headache, muscle aches, intense fatigue and weakness, and these symptoms are all different from dengue. and may also be present in malaria.
Symptoms of dengue include very high fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain and may also include gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhea. There are four dengue virus serotypes, which means a person can be infected with the virus up to four times.
As the disease progresses, patients may suffer from shock due to shortness of breath, bleeding from the nose and gums, and a rapid drop in blood pressure.
The symptoms of malaria also include fever, headache and chills. If left untreated within 24 hours, it can turn into a serious illness and even cause death. Children with severe malaria may suffer from severe blood pressure, difficulty in breathing, cerebral malaria.
How to differentiate between COVID-19 and Dengue, Malaria?
These points should be kept in mind to differentiate between the three diseases:
Loss of any kind of smell and loss of taste can only happen in COVID-19.
Some of the early symptoms of COVID-19, including upper respiratory tract infection and symptoms of inflammation such as cough, voice changes, sore throat, may not occur in dengue and malaria.
Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as dizziness, nausea and diarrhea may not always occur in COVID-19 patients.
Chest pain or shortness of breath usually does not accompany dengue and malaria.
Dengue and malaria often begin with the onset of headache or weakness. If you have come in contact with Corona, then this will not happen to you.
– Symptoms of Covid-19 after exposure to the virus may appear as short as the next 2-3 days, whereas malaria and dengue have a longer onset and sometimes up to 22-25 days Might be possible.
– Dengue and malaria are both absolutely not contagious to people, while COVID-19 is highly contagious.